After hunting a deer comes a very important task that you must do very fast to preserve the meat of the deer. Below you will find two methods to learn how to field dress to deer. In this way, you will have simple methods that you will gradually improve.
Before going into the details of the 2 methods or options, the first thing to do is sure the deer is really dead. Many times, some people try to cut its neck while lying on the floor, but you must remember that the deer are very strong and probably hurt you or even flee.
The second thing is to prepare yourself, that is, to use protection to prevent you get any disease. Something useful in this sense is to wear gloves and if you can, a cover mouths.
Option 1, basic field dressing
This is the method most used, since beside to being simple, you can do it right in the spot where the deer fell and do not require many tools or equipment. To execute this option, you must follow the following steps:
Lay the deer so that its back is on the ground. Once this is done, place the sternum of the animal on its chest and then cut from there until to the crotch. You must be careful to cut both the skin and the membrane underneath it without piercing the guts.
Next step on the list is to remove the guts. To do this, pull them out from the crotch. In addition to this, you must cut the membranes that join the spine with the guts of the animal. Here the key point is not to damage the loin.
You should continue to pull and cut until you have cut the diaphragm. After that, you will be able to access the last membranes from which the guts are held, once done, the breaks and strips.
The next thing is to cut the pelvic bone, here it is very useful to have a saw or a knife with that form to have a clean cut. Extract the colon by cutting the skin of the anus.
At this point, you can take out the liver, lungs, and heart, although you could also wait for a little for it. The organs you want to keep, you can put them on the ice. Finally, you can upload it to your truck using a rope or your legs as a point of support.
Option 2, using a hoist
This method presents several advantages on how to field dress a deer. For this method, you need to have a strong and long rope near you. This option basically consists of tying the deer by its neck or its antlers, passing the rope by a branch of a tree (if you have a pulley and a crane arm, better) so that the animal hangs and thus facilitate your work.
The next are the steps to follow:
Once done, lift the deer above the ground long enough for you to be in a comfortable (standing or sitting) position. You can cut the neck of the deer, so its blood will fall through your body.
For the main cut, you have two options, from the crotch to the sternum, or by the ribs until you reach the same point.
The next thing is to cut the pipe wind, pull it down so that it falls into the cavity and cuts the first membrane that supports the guts. These should fall to the next membrane. Cut the latter too, then drop them to the ground, if you can have a bucket to fall there, would be much better.
While making the cuts, try not to damage the bladder so as not to damage the flesh with the smell of its urine.
This method facilitates washing the inside of the rib cage to free the animal from any unwanted impurity. The next thing is to put the animal on the vehicle in which you are going to transport it, this is also facilitated by this method. Another key advantage of this way of doing is that you can leave the deer hanging several hours to drain its blood.
An additional step, remove the skin
It is advisable to do this step within a maximum of two hours after the deer has died. Within this time limit, the deer will still be warm, and this will ease the process. It is also useful to do so while the deer is being drained.
The first thing to do is a cut in each leg, starting from the bottom towards the center of the animal. Then cut to the neck and around, make sure you get as close to your head as possible. Once that thing is performed, you should take the skin, from the back of the head, with both hands and pull very hard towards you or down, depending on the position in which the deer is.
Just by doing this movement should be enough for the skin to detach. However, you can use your knife to finish removing the skin that could be stuck, especially in the area of the legs.